What do you think of the new laws for 2024?

A selection of this year’s new laws that mainly affect individuals

The new year means both some tax changes, tougher penalties and completely new laws. These are some of the changes that affect individuals the most.

Expect reduced tax on earned income and pension

The tax on salaries will be lower starting this year thanks to the new employment tax deduction and an increased basic deduction. The increased basic deduction means that the tax on pensions also will be lower. In addition, the age limit for taking part in the employment tax deduction is raised from 65 to 66.

According to Skattebetalarnas website, the tax on your salary will be reduced by:

  • SEK 192/month if you have a salary of SEK 16,667/month.
  • SEK 293/month if you have a salary of SEK 25,000/month.
  • SEK 410/month if you have a salary of SEK 35,000/month.
  • 585 kr/månad om du har en lön på 50 000 kr/mån.
  • SEK 706/month if you have a salary of SEK 62,500/month.
  • SEK 770/month if you have a salary of SEK 125,000/month.

Lower tax on petrol and diesel

For gas, the sum of the energy and carbon dioxide tax will be 60 öre lower per liter compared to 2023. At the same time, the energy tax on diesel in environmental class 1 will be SEK 341 per cubic meter compared to the level that would otherwise have applied with current indexation rules.

New laws affecting taxes on alcohol, tobacco and nicotine

The tax on cigarettes, cigars, cigarillos, smoking tobacco and other tobacco will be approximately one percent higher. At the same time, the tax on beer, wine and other fermented beverages will be approximately eight percent higher, while the tax on ethyl alcohol will be approximately one percent higher.

Flying will be more expensive

Due to the flight tax being recalculated, air travel will be SEK 76-504 more expensive per traveler. How much more expensive it will be depends on where you travel to.

This year you’ll receive a total of SEK 150,000 for renovations and household services

Among this year’s new laws, there’s also an increase in the ceilings for ROT and RUT deductions starting July 1st to SEK 75,000 each for work and services performed during 2024. This means that as long as you use no more than SEK 50,000 in ROT deductions and no more than SEK 75,000 in total in both ROT and RUT deductions during the first half of the year, you’ll have the right to use the remaining deductions during the second half of the year. The increase only applies to 2024 and means that the deductions for ROT and RUT together are doubled.

The deduction for renting out homes is also being increased

The standard deduction for renting out private residential properties, private residences and rental apartments is now SEK 50,000. The previous deduction was SEK 40,000. The deduction is shared for rental and sale of products from private residential properties and private residences.

There is now a new scrapping premium for older cars

Starting this year, the government is introducing a temporary scrapping premium that will apply during 2024-2025. The premium goes to those who scrap older cars and then choose to buy or lease an electric car instead.

Tougher penalties for crimes involving firearms and explosive goods

The penalties for crimes involving firearms and explosive goods are now stricter. This applies to possession of weapons and smuggling of weapons or explosive goods. Aggravated weapons offence and aggravated weapons smuggling will now result in imprisonment for 4-7 years. Previously, it resulted in imprisonment for 2-5 years. Exceptionally aggravated weapons offence and exceptionally aggravated weapons smuggling will result in imprisonment for 6-10 years. Previously, it resulted in imprisonment for 4-7 years.

Among this year’s new laws, security guards gets greater authority

Starting this year, a new law comes into force that gives security guards greater authority. The new law will allow security guards to conduct body searches to determine someone’s identity, destroy seized alcohol and, in some cases, transport people in custody. According to the police’s website, the change of authority is because they see a greater need to be able to use security guards in crime prevention and safety-creating work to maintain public order and safety in society.

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Do you want to become a Swedish citizen.

How to become a Swedish citizen?

This is a question many people ask us. If you already have citizenship in another country, it’s not always easy to get citizenship in Sweden. The processing times are very long, but one positive aspect is that of the applications that were decided on in 2022, 84 percent were granted Swedish citizenship. If you want to become a Swedish citizen, there are a couple of criterias you need to meet to increase the chance for granted citizenship.

Firstly, you can either apply or register for Swedish citizenship. Registering for citizenship can only be done by minor children, young adults between the ages of 18-21 and other Nordic citizens. Depending on the type of registration, the requirements will differ, but in all cases this is an easier way to become a Swedish citizen compared to when you apply for citizenship.

To instead apply to become a Swedish citizen, you have to:

  • be at least 18 years old.
  • have a valid ID document.
  • have lived in Sweden for a certain amount of years (this differs, among other things, depending on what kind of residence permit you’ve had during your time in Sweden).
  • have a permanent residence permit, right of residence, residence card or residence status.

In addition, it helps if you:

  • are debt-free and haven’t committed any crimes in Sweden.

Having debts or having committed crimes in Sweden doesn’t neccessarily prevent you from obtaining Swedish citizenship. However, you have to have paid off your debts, served your sentences and waited some time before applying for citizenship.

When submitting an application for citizenship, it helps if you send as detailed information as possible. A tip is to get help so you can make sure you haven’t missed anything that might be important to include in your application.

Book a lawyer when you want to become a Swedish citizen

Do you need help submitting an application for Swedish citizenship? Then you can book a call with Miski Ibrahim, Carl Seffer, Anuta Sjunghamn or Nadja Hatem in the Kliently app.

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Being fired can cause a lot of anxiety.

Do you think you’ll be fired? Then these are your rights

With the strained economic situation and the fact that prices throughout society are increasing, it’s also becoming more difficult for many companies to run their businesses without incurring a loss. For many companies, this means they’ll have to review the workforce and possibly lay off employees. If you think you might be laid off, or if you already have been, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

Employees in Sweden have basic protection through LAS (the Employment Protection Act). It clearly states which rules apply when hiring and firing and employee and when an employee quits. LAS protects employees and prevents an employee from being fired without reasonable cause. For example, employers can’t fire staff due to personal reasons. And there is, for example, a certain procedure employers need to follow if they plan to fire several employees. According to LAS, collective agreements are to be used in cases where there is one. If not, the employment contracts should be used.

If an employer plans to lay off staff, there is a certain order in which the decisions must be made. The employer also has to contact the union for negotiation with the employees. According to law, you have the right to receive written notice of termination. And if you’re reassigned during your notice period, you also have the right to keep both the salary and benefits you previously had. Your employer isn’t allowed to lower your salary or remove any of your benefits as a result of the relocation.

What about leave when you are laid off?

If you’re on parental leave when you’re dismissed, the notice period only starts from the day you return to work. Your notice period can’t start to apply during your parental leave. And if you already have vacation planned, or if you have applied for vacation, you have the right to request that it not be taken during the notice period. Your employer can’t force you to take vacation during your notice period if you don’t want to. And your employer can’t force you to work during your notice period if you’ve already been granted leave before you’re dismissed. However, these rules only apply when the notice period is a maximum of six months.

You also have the right to look for a job while also receiving a salary. In other words, you’re entitled to time off to attend job interviews and such. You do have to apply for leave in advance. And it’s important to remember that you have a duty of loyalty to your employer even during the notice period. This means you have to follow the rules stated in your employment contract. This also applies if it’s decided that you’ll be released from work during the notice period. However, you can always come to an agreement that allows you to search for and start a new job before the notice period ends. But it’s important that you get this clarified with your employer and that you get it in writing.

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Make sure your CEO agreement is airtight.

7 important paragraphs to include in a CEO agreement

Did you know that companies have to draw up a special agreement for their CEO? The CEO isn’t covered by the Employment Protection Act (LAS) and usually not by collective agreements either. This is why an ordinary employment agreement isn’t enough, and a special agreement that covers the extensive terms of employment must be drawn up. In other words, a CEO agreement.

1. What are the CEO’s responsibilities?

As CEO, you’re responsible for a company’s day-to-day operations and have ultimate responsibility according to, among other things, the Work Environment Act, the Environmental Code, the Tax Act, the Annual Accounts Act and the Accounting Act, as well as labor laws. So it’s important to clearly state in the agreement which areas of responsibility are included. You can also draw up a special CEO instruction that clarifies the division of work and responsibility within the board members and other functions.

2. What are the specifics concerning the CEO’s employment protection?

Since the CEO isn’t covered by LAS, it’s important to write down exactly what form of employment they have, how long the notice period is and how notice is given, as well as if, how and in which situations the company can fire them. Most often, the notice period is a few months and can be the same regardless of whether it concerns a dismissal or the CEO being fired. It’s also common to then receive a severance payment which means you also have to state how much that will be and when it will be paid out.

3. How and how much will the CEO be paid?

In addition to salary, the CEO can also receive a bonus for the work they perform. There are usually conditions for bonus payment. That is, goals that they have to reach to get the bonus. As well as when it’s paid out in that case. The agreement should also state when it’s time to renegotiate the compensation going forward.

4. Make sure you have a confidentiality clause

As CEO, you’re sitting on a lot of information that can be valuable for competing businesses. So it can be good to include a confidentiality clause in the agreement. In it, you specify what is confidential and may not be shared with external parties. This way, you can ensure that your trade secrets are protected both while the CEO is with you and after they have left the company.

5. Non-competing clauses are important

It is just as important to have a non-competing clause in the agreement. Through the clause, you can prevent the CEO from going to and working for a competitor immediately after employment with your company. Most often, this is done by offering compensation for the time they’re not allowed to work at competing businesses. However, it is important to remember that non-competing clauses can’t be too extensive. Make sure to check with a lawyer if your agreement holds up to be on the safe side.

6. What are the consequences for breach of contract?

If the CEO violates any of the terms of the agreement, it needs to be clearly stated what the consequences are. Most of the time, it usually means that they have to pay a fine. And you have to state how big the fine will be and whether the company has liability insurance to cover certain situations.

7. How do you resolve any disputes?

If a dispute arises between the company and the CEO, it’s easiest to resolve them in an arbitration court. Just because the process is faster, the verdict isn’t public and it isn’t possible to appeal either.

Write your contract today!

Do you need help drawing up a CEO agreement? Prepare one together with our lawyers for SEK 8,995 or on your own for SEK 799.

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Do you wonder what applies regarding residence permits for refugee and people in need of subsidiary protection?

Refugee or person in need of subsidiary protection – what’s the difference?

If you can’t live safely and securely in your home country, you can apply for asylum as a refugee or a person in need of subsidiary protection. The big difference is that people with refugee status can stay longer in Sweden. But regardless of status, you have the right to appeal if you think the Swedish Migration Agency has given you the wrong status.

If you’re granted residence permit as a refugee

You can be given refugee status if you have had to flee your home country because of it being dangerous to stay there. This has to be because of your ethnicity, nationality, religious or political opinion, gender or sexual orientation. Everyone who has a residence permit in Sweden for at least one year has the right to register here. As a refugee, you get a residence permit for three years. So it’s important that you register yourself in the Swedish population register as soon as you receive your residence permit. This allows you to work here, open bank accounts and receive medical care just as everyone else who’s registered here. If you after the three years can show that you can continue to support yourself in Sweden, you can apply for a permanent residence permit.

If you had to leave your family to flee to Sweden, you have the right to be reunited here. This means that your immediate family members can apply for a residence permit in Sweden as relatives. In some cases, you have to be able to show that you can support yourself and your family. And you have to show that you have accommodation that is large enough and of a good standard where you can all live together.

If you have a residence permit in Sweden and have been registered here for at least three years, you also have the right to vote in elections to both county council and municipality.

If you are granted a residence permit as a person in need of subsidiary protection

Being given the status of person in need of subsidiary protection means that there’s a risk that the person will be punished with death, subjected to corporal punishment, torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment. It can also be that the person is at risk of being injured due to an armed conflict in the home country. As a person in need of subsidiary protection, you receive a temporary residence permit of 13 months. During that time, you have the right to be registered in Sweden. This makes it possible to work here, open bank accounts and receive the same medical care as everyone else who’s registered here.

When the residence permit reaches its end, you can apply to extend the residence permit. The Swedish Migration Agency then checks again whether there are still risks for you in your home country. Or if they think you can return without risk of being killed or harmed in any way.

Even as a person in need of subsidiary protection, you have the right to be reunited with your immediate family in Sweden. However, starting from December 1st 2023, most people have to be able to support themselves and their family members from day one. In this case as well, it’s important that you have accommodation ready that is large enough and of a good standard.

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Are you thinking about which is best, being married or common-law partners?

Married or cohabiting? Is there really a difference?

Have you thought about the legal differences between being married and cohabiting? And how to ensure that you and your partner have good legal protection regardless of which one you choose? There are some differences depending on if you’re married or cohabiting. But luckily, there are also some legal measures you can take to protect your interests, regardless of your marital status.

As cohabitants, you don’t inherit each other

This is important if you have children. If married, the surviving partner always inherits everything. If you have children together, this will be an advantage as it means that any residences, houses, cars and other assets can remain with the surviving partner. However, if you aren’t married and you have children together, the children will instead inherit the deceased parent in the first place. This means that the surviving parent in many cases needs to sell assets in order to pay out the children’s inheritance. Because of this, many find themselves in a difficult financial situation and are forced to move during a time when the sanctuary of the home and the safety of their own community are most important. To avoid such a scenario, writing a will to regulate the inheritance can be wise.

Joint assets as married or cohabiting

Another important difference between being married or cohabiting is the distribution of your assets. When being married, it’s assumed that everything you own together should be divided equally between the two of you if you choose to separate. This is also called the right to marital property or community property, meaning that regardless of how much each of you has invested, it doesn’t affect how the assets will be distributed. Each gets half is what applies. However, if you are common-law partners, only part of your property is regarded as joint. Your home and the things you have bought during your cohabitation is considered what you own together. Everything else is considered private property.

Both in a marriage and in a cohabitation relationship, however, it’s possible to control who owns what with certain legal documents. As married people, you can write a prenuptial agreement to prevent certain assets from being counted as joint. And as cohabitants, you can sign a cohabitation agreement. Both agreements can be signed before or after you have married/moved in together.

Talk to a lawyer

Do you need help from an expert in family law matters? Then you can book a call with Sofia Bergqvist Salomon in the Kliently app. Or have a look at the agreements and other legal documents that we offer at fixed prices.

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Do you know what you’re entitled to demand if your train is delayed?

Is your train delayed? Then you’ll want to know this.

According to the Swedish Transport Administration, almost a third of all long-distance trains were late in 2022. Although traveling by train is smooth and easy, it’s not optimal whenever a train is delayed. That’s why it’s good to make sure to know of your rights when booking a trip by long-distance train. So if you’re hit with some bad luck, you’ll be prepared.

When traveling with most long-distance trains, you’re protected by the train regulation. This applies to journeys by train within Sweden where the trip is longer than 15 Scandinavian miles and to trips by train that goes abroad. If your train is delayed or canceled by more than an hour, you have the right to:

  • get a full refund of the ticket price or get a refund for the parts of your trip that you can’t use. If the delay makes your journey pointless and you’ve already managed to start your trip, you’re also entitled to a return ticket to the place of your departure.
  • get your trip rebooked as soon as possible or to a later date if you prefer.
  • to continue the trip. This only applies if the train company doesn’t cancel the train due to the delay.

When you want to rebook your trip

The train company also have to make sure to keep the delay at a minimum. And if your trip needs to be rebooked, they have to present you with a new ticket offer within 1 hour and 40 minutes of the scheduled departure time. If they don’t, you have the right to rebook the trip on your own. In that case, the train company also has to reimburse you for the costs incurred, provided that they are necessary and reasonable. If, on the other hand, you want to rebook your own journey before the 1 hour and 40 minutes have passed, it would be wise to contact the train company before booking a trip. Then you can check with them if they will reimburse you for the costs incurred.

In the event of a rebooking, you have the right to receive a trip that is equivalent to the original trip. What is equivalent can have different meanings depending on the circumstances. However, what applies is that you have the right to a similar trip without being charged anything extra. For instance, if the new trip is in a higher class, the train company has to cover the extra costs. On the other hand, the train company can also book a new trip by bus instead of by train.

Your right to compensation in the event of a delayed train

When you choose to either continue your trip despite the delay or choose to be rebooked, you’re also entitled to a certain amount of compensation. If the train is between 1-2 hours late, you have the right to get 25% of the ticket price back. If the train is more than 2 hours late, you’re instead entitled to 50% of the ticket price back.

Your right to compensation doesn’t apply in certain extreme situations, such as extreme weather conditions, natural disasters and when the delay is due to sabotage. It also doesn’t apply if there is an emergency on board the train or if people have walked on the track. You’re also not entitled to compensation if the train is delayed because of you.

To receive compensation, you have to submit a claim to the train company. The easiest way to do this is to email them and send your ticket information as well as a receipt showing that you have the right documents for the trip. If the compensation you demand is less than 4 euros, the train company doesn’t have to pay you anything, but they can of course do so out of goodwill. Within one month of the train company receiving your request, you should receive your compensation or refund, either as value checks or as cash. The choice is yours to make.

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Contact Kliently lawyer Beatrice Gustafsson when you need a notary public

What does a notary public do?

If you have legal affairs that require parties outside of Sweden to review and/or sign documents, you may have heard of the term notary public. It can be about contexts regarding corporate affairs, real estate affairs, adoption, etc. But what does the term mean and how do you know you’re getting the right help?

A notary public is an authorized official who performs various types of legal and official duties. Most often, it’s in connection with document management and evidence. Their main tasks are to witness and stamp documents, verify signatures, and sometimes also act as witnesses in various legal transactions. What kind of authority and powers they have may vary from country to country, but all of them play an important role in ensuring that legal documents and agreements are authentic and reliable.

Each county in Sweden has at least one notary public who is appointed by the County Administrative Board. The person must have a law degree and have sufficient language skills. The person cannot be declared bankrupt or have an administrator according to law.

The County Administrative Board trusts the person in question to, among other things:

  • certificate that Swedish documents, signatures and the like are authentic. This is called issuing an apostille and means that the documents are given a special stamp of authentication.
  • certify that an authority or person has the right authority or holds a certain position.
  • provide explanations on legal and financial matters of importance to third parties.
  • act as a witness both when seals are put on and broken and when rooms for storage are opened and closed.

When you need help from a notary public, it usually requires you to visit the appointed person to get help. You then need to bring valid identification and the papers that are necessary in your particular case.

Book a notary public

Need a notary public? Then you can book a call with Beatrice Gustafsson in the Kliently app.

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Do you suspect you’ve been the victim of ID theft?

Have you been the victim of ID theft?

Being the victim of ID theft and fraud is often very unpleasant and can have serious consequences. If you suspect that someone has taken out a loan, bought goods or, for example, signed a subscription in your name without your knowledge, it’s important that you report it quickly and prevent further damage.

Report to the police that you’ve been the victim of ID theft

The first thing you should do when you suspect you’ve been the victim of ID theft is to report it to the police. You do this by either calling 114 14 or visiting the nearest police station. By reporting the crime to the police, an investigation is started. This, in turn, increases the chances of being able to identify the suspect so that they can be brought to justice.

Block your social security number

By blocking your social security number with the credit reporting companies, you can protect yourself against more fraud being committed in your name. The major credit reporting agencies usually cooperate. Therefore, you only need to block your social security number with one of them. But to be on the safe side, it might be good to double check with the credit reporting agency that the call you’re making is enough.

Review your bank statements

It’s important that you review all your bank statements, both for bank cards and credit cards. Check for transactions or credits you don’t recognize. If you find any, you have to share the information with the police and contact your bank about the faulty transactions. The bank will then investigate how the transactions took place and help you refund them.

Contact the Swedish Tax Agency about ID theft

It’s also a good idea to contact the Swedish Tax Agency to find out if your address has been changed in the national register. Sometimes this can be done to be able to get your mail and order additional credit cards and such in your name. By informing the Swedish Tax Agency that you’ve been the victim of ID theft, you can protect yourself from further fraud.

Dispute incorrect claims

If you receive invoices and such for things you haven’t ordered, you have to dispute these. You do this by explaining the situation to the company that sent the invoice. If you don’t, the risk is that the invoices gets sent to the Enforcement Authority and that you’ll end up having to pay for purchases you didn’t make.

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Have you thought about renting out through Airbnb?

3 things you need to be aware of when renting out through Airbnb

Airbnb is a popular way to both rent out and rent accommodation all over the world, including Sweden. Especially in these times when many people are facing financial struggles, renting through Airbnb can be a way to earn a little extra money. But before you post an ad about renting out your home, it’s important to be aware of the laws and regulations that apply.

1. What kind of home you have makes a difference when renting out through Airbnb

If you live in a house, you won’t need a permit to rent out through Airbnb. The same applies if you only want to rent out one room in your apartment. Then the same rules apply as when you have a boarder in your apartment. For example, you have to live in the apartment yourself during the periods when someone rents the room.

However, if you want to rent out your entire apartment, you have to have a permit to sublet the apartment to do so. For condominiums, you’ll need a permit from the condominium association. And for rental apartments, it’s instead your landlord that you need to get a permit from.

2. You may have to pay taxes and VAT when renting out through Airbnb

Whether you have to pay tax or not depends on a number of factors. In part, the rules are different depending on whether you rent out a house, condominium or a rental apartment. And in part, it makes a difference how much money you rent out your home for. If you rent out your private home for more than SEK 40,000 per year, you may have to pay tax. Then you’ll have to pay 30 percent of the surplus you get after renting out your home. In addition, you may also have to pay VAT if you rent out the home furnished and in a manner similar to hotel operations.

3. Will you be handling personal data?

When renting out through Airbnb, you need to be aware of and comply with the GDPR. GDPR is the EU’s data protection regulation and it regulates how personal data must be handled. It’s important to bear in mind that personal data counts as all information that in some way has a connection to you as a person, whether directly or indirectly. It can be anything from your name, address, telephone number and social security number to email addresses with your name, ID card number and even your IP address. Even images, videos and audio recordings that can be linked to specific individuals are considered as personal data.

When you rent through Airbnb, you may only ask for other people’s personal data if it’s necessary and only for the purpose of managing bookings. For example, you may not ask guests to use third-party websites to review your accommodation or to open website accounts. You’re also not allowed to market your accommodation after the guests stay.

Talk to a lawyer

Do you need help from an expert in rental and housing issues? Book a video call with Carl Seffer in the Kliently app.

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